Role of Pharmacy in Healthcare

Pharmacy is the medical science that links pharmacy science with biology and is charged with the study, discovery, creation, manufacture, disposition, and administration of drugs and medicines. It involves the complete collection, safekeeping, custody, preparation, distribution, safety packaging, administration, labeling, and disposal of medicine and other chemical substances. A pharmacist is usually a specialized doctor who holds a national or state license for his professional practice as a pharmacist. It can be said that pharmacy comprises all branches of the science of medicine concerned with the supply of medicines to the people in their wide-ranging needs. This includes clinical pharmacology, human biology, pharmacopeia, pharmacy science, pharmacy law, information systems, ethics, anatomy, medical methodology, pharmacology, nursing science, pharmacy technology, pharmacy administrative, and pharmacy systems.


Pharmacy departments deal with preparation, dispensation, administration, safety manufacturing, quality assurance, counter measures, disposal of stocks, and education about new medicines and drug developments. They educate the customers about the various terms, ingredients, and effects of drugs in order to make a well-informed decision while using them. Many pharmacists are involved in the study of drugs and their uses. They constantly look for improved methods to increase the efficiency of prescribing and suggest necessary modifications to the formulations. They keep themselves updated about the latest developments in medicines so that they can dispense improved and more useful drugs to the patients suffering from various kinds of ailments.

The main role of pharmacists in the healthcare sector is to serve the patients by providing all the information regarding drugs, medicines, chemicals used in their preparation, their recommended dosage and any precautions that should be taken in their usage. They provide guidance and support in cases of drug reactions, post-marketing drug reactions, contraindications, over dosage, adverse effects, and quality control. They help in maintaining the correct balance in the distribution of drugs in the hospitals and various medical institutions. They ensure correct record-keeping, proper disposal of leftover medicines, safe handling of important documents and filing of records properly.