Day: March 8, 2021


Pharmaceutical – What You Need To Know

The pharmaceutical industry finds, develops, makes, and commercializes pharmaceuticals or generic medicines for the purpose to heal them, treat them, dispense to consumers, or relieve the effects of a disease for which they are used. Pharmaceutical firms can deal in both pharmaceutical products like drugs and medical devices and generic drugs. Some examples of drugs are insulin, steroids, antibiotics, antidepressants, some cancers, vitamin supplements, insulin pumps, glucose meters, artificial intelligence software, cellular phones, and others. Examples of generic medicines are vaccines, amino acids, pain killers, cancer drugs, and others.

The cost of producing drugs is dependent on the technology employed in developing it. However, production of medicines has remained fairly constant over the years because of the low cost of the technology employed. In most countries, the government has a share in the production of medicines, through licenses and substances included in compulsory national health programmes. Many drugs are patented by the pharmaceutical companies, so the charges on research and development are high. But this process is short, and it costs a lot less than the normal rate. The number of people suffering from a disease is much higher than those who do not.

The marketing of pharmaceutical products through advertising and packaging of branded containers is a big business and a major revenue generator for pharmaceutical companies. Thus, even without special claims, pharmaceuticals are known to be very profitable businesses. They generate an income every year, despite the fact that the economy is not growing at a rapid pace. Some pharmaceutical firms also form small and medium sized enterprises and sell them to the public through distributors and retailers. A number of drug companies have started joint ventures and partnerships with large corporations to produce more effective drugs.

Pharmacy is the medical science that links pharmacy science with biology and is charged with the study, discovery, creation, manufacture, disposition, and administration of drugs and medicines. It involves the complete collection, safekeeping, custody, preparation, distribution, safety packaging, administration, labeling, and disposal of medicine and other chemical substances. A pharmacist is usually a specialized doctor who holds a national or state license for his professional practice as a pharmacist. It can be said that pharmacy comprises all branches of the science of medicine concerned with the supply of medicines to the people in their wide-ranging needs. This includes clinical pharmacology, human biology, pharmacopeia, pharmacy science, pharmacy law, information systems, ethics, anatomy, medical methodology, pharmacology, nursing science, pharmacy technology, pharmacy administrative, and pharmacy systems.


Pharmacy departments deal with preparation, dispensation, administration, safety manufacturing, quality assurance, counter measures, disposal of stocks, and education about new medicines and drug developments. They educate the customers about the various terms, ingredients, and effects of drugs in order to make a well-informed decision while using them. Many pharmacists are involved in the study of drugs and their uses. They constantly look for improved methods to increase the efficiency of prescribing and suggest necessary modifications to the formulations. They keep themselves updated about the latest developments in medicines so that they can dispense improved and more useful drugs to the patients suffering from various kinds of ailments.

The main role of pharmacists in the healthcare sector is to serve the patients by providing all the information regarding drugs, medicines, chemicals used in their preparation, their recommended dosage and any precautions that should be taken in their usage. They provide guidance and support in cases of drug reactions, post-marketing drug reactions, contraindications, over dosage, adverse effects, and quality control. They help in maintaining the correct balance in the distribution of drugs in the hospitals and various medical institutions. They ensure correct record-keeping, proper disposal of leftover medicines, safe handling of important documents and filing of records properly.